US inflation expectations are rising. Fiscal and monetary policy means inflation will further pick up the pace

Photo by maria pagan on Unsplash

Investors are obsessed with inflation. And with good reason.

It’s closely tied to interest rates and has ample implications for the relative valuation of current and future profits.

Shifts in the inflation outlook can cause sector rotations and shifts in Wall Street’s weighing of growth versus value, staples versus cyclical, and domestic versus foreign equities.

Inflation expectations are rising. But they could go up further.

With the reopening of the world economy over the coming six months as a catalyst, investors can face a spike in short term inflation.

The below outlines the key reasons for inflationary pressure being imminent.


Elon Musk has a history of making bold unfounded claims and something about the latest delivery numbers just don’t add up

Collage by author. Source graph: Saxo Bank

The 2021 first-quarter delivery numbers of Tesla’s electric vehicles are out.

185.000 EVs were “delivered” (a term Tesla has yet to unambiguously define) to customers across the world in the first three months of the year.

Or at least, so claims the company itself.

As argued below, this number may be inflated due to several causes. From frontloading to repurchasing agreements and a general lack of transparency.

The coming financial statement and the investor call following will be exciting for bulls and bears.

While bulls are hailing Tesla’s ability to beat estimates of a range of analysts, bears point to…


A large share of Tesla vehicles contain batteries of subpar quality, with battery day promises on standby

Collage by author. Background source: Tesla 4680 battery patent

Using subpar Chinese batteries on a large share of vehicles. Failing to deliver on promises of new (4680 cell) batteries.

Fierce — and increasing — competition in the EV space ramping up battery R&D efforts.

Elon Musk and the rest of the Tesla management team have probably had chronic headaches for a long time as their first-mover advantage in the EV market is vanishing like dew in the morning sun.

With the price of Bitcoin about to kick in the door to $60k, Elon Musk fanatics and Tesla cultists alike have been quick to applaud Musk’s decision to allocate equity…


From the misuse of Monte Carlo simulations to ridiculous assumptions, critics have a hard time keeping a straight face

Collage by author. Underlying graph source: ARK Invest

ARK Invest has put out an eyebrow-raising price target for electric vehicle maker Tesla.

Their fair value estimate, or base case, sees Tesla’s share value at $3.000 in 2025, up around 2.900 percent from the 2020 low (and more than 650 % from Friday's closing price at $654.87).

Price targets landed just in time for retail investors receiving their stimulus checks

Their bull scenario puts a staggering $4.000 price tag on the carmaker. ARK believes there to be a 25 percent chance of that.

But most jaw-dropping, the “bear” scenario, which is quite the ridiculous name considering the price target…


The same market forces that drove Tesla’s share price up will accelerate its downfall

Picture by author

Stocks do not always go up. Once in while however, some stocks appear to be moving in one direction only.

But the higher you climb, the harder you fall. Especially if the underlying business is poor. Here’s where Tesla enters the scene.

Tesla is a legit business. For years they have benefitted from a first-mover position in the market for electric vehicles.

A competitive advantage in battery technology, government subsidies, and a drooling cult-following willing to buy shares and options contracts at almost any price or risk/reward ratio. Willing also to be diluted at insane valuations.

A generous valuation puts…


While retail investors buy into the Bitcoin story, it’s important to remember it’s a speculative asset and should be treated as such

Photo by Bermix Studio on Unsplash

The price of one Bitcoin is back above $40.000.

Enthusiasts have long dreamed of Bitcoin replacing government and central bank-backed currencies. The recent price movement has injected new hope into those believing Bitcoin will one day provide a valid alternative to the current monetary system.

But it’s still merely a pipe dream, despite the uptrend in price.

After an incredible run to all-time highs over the Christmas period, the most prominent cryptocurrency of them all saw an expected…


And why you should do it more often

Meme by author. Source: imgflip

We’ve all heard phrases like “never give in” or “success is measured by the number of times you are knocked down and get up again.”

In sports, in relationships, and business endeavors — especially in entrepreneurship and innovation — these are common. They glorify the fighter and equate work-ethic and success with sticking to plan no matter what.

And these may be perfectly valid in some situations. When starting a new project, we often discover a lot of bumps on the road we hadn’t thought of before getting started. …


From screwing investors to customers and the climate, Musk is trying to game everyone

Photo by Dmitry Demidko on Unsplash

Manipulating the Tesla share price. Trying to game the market for cryptocurrencies. Selling customers government-subsidized climate and ESG snake oil.

Elon Musk is on a roll.

The Tesla founder and CEO recently overtook Jeff Bezos as the (estimated) highest net worth individual in the world.

He has a huge following on social media and is extremely popular amongst a part of the general public who appreciate his efforts into memes and behavior uncommon for a prominent CEO.

Large responsibilities come with the job, prominence, and popularity Musk has. He doesn’t seem to care

While all appears like innocent fun on…


Differences between training and post-implementation data can lead to bad model performance

Photo by Alina Grubnyak on Unsplash

Prediction models built with machine learning algorithms often underperform in the real world.

Even AIs built by some of the world's leading experts often struggle to replicate the promising performances outside of the “laboratory”. A prominent example is the Health Care AI systems developed at Google.

The AI applications aim to assist in diagnostics. From cancer screenings to disease detection and risk profiling.

The applications were very successful when trained and assessed within the laboratory setting. But when tested in the real world, for example in clinics in Thailand, the performance couldn’t match that of the laboratory setting.

In this…


Improve your prediction models and data analysis by choosing an appropriate significance level in statistical tests

Meme by author. Template source:

Using a fixed p-value cut-off of 0.05 to determine significance is a widespread mistake of both researchers across various fields and industry specialists who apply statistical methods.

The reason is probably obvious and the solution straight-forward.

It is more often than not a mistake to use p<0.05

When statisticians, data scientists, and economists are taught statistics, the 95 percent confidence interval, corresponding to a p-value cutoff of 0.05, is the default option when conduction hypothesis testing.

It’s also the default setting in many automated selection processes across different statistical programming packages, from SAS to R and Python (there are exceptions…

Asger Bruhn

I’m an economist doing policy design and analysis. I write about the economy, taxation, innovation and growth, policy design, and financial markets.

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